The most popular independent innovation and green

2022-07-23
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On November 4, fanshunke, deputy secretary of the Party committee of China Nonferrous Metal Industry Association and chairman of China nonferrous metal processing industry association, pointed out at the 8th Guangdong aluminum processing technology (International) seminar that in recent years, with the joint efforts of the whole industry, China's aluminum processing industry has made remarkable achievements, The output and consumption have ranked first in the world for 11 consecutive years. In 2016, the output of aluminum processing materials reached 35.2 million tons. From the perspective of industrial scale, industrial standards, quality, technology and equipment, China has become a real aluminum processing country, and has become a powerful country to some extent. In the future, China's aluminum processing industry should focus on strengthening the investment in R & D and improving the ability of independent innovation. At the same time, environmental protection and recycling are still the important development direction of the industry

the main characteristics of the aluminum processing industry

develop towards high-end, and the equipment level is leading in the world. By 2016, China had more aluminum processing equipment than other countries combined. In terms of extruded materials, 181 extruders with a tonnage of more than 45 trillion n are equipped, of which the maximum tonnage reaches 225 trillion n, which is unique in China and the world. In terms of rolled products, 19 1+3 to 1+5 hot rolling hot Lianda production lines have been put into operation; 1+1 preheating blooming and light rolling production line 1 impact testing machine 2, of which the maximum width of 4500mm is the largest in Asia; There are dozens of 2000 mm wide mills, with the maximum width of 2350 mm, which is the widest in the world

product standards and quality are fully in line with international standards, and gradually break through and occupy the international market. The main aluminum standards in China refer to European, American and Japanese standards, realizing the international integration. The national standard and English version of gb-t5237 aluminum alloy building profiles in China have been recognized and adopted by many countries in the world. The overall quality of aluminum products in China has reached the international level and entered the international market. It has been the largest aluminum export trade in the world for seven consecutive years, accounting for about 20% of the total global aluminum products. In 2016, 4.6 million tons of aluminum materials were exported, including 1.64 million tons of plates, 1.3 million tons of extruded materials, 1.08 million tons of aluminum foil, and 30000 tons of aluminum powder and wire rod

trade frictions have gradually become the norm. With the increase of the export volume of China's aluminum processing products and the enhancement of its competitiveness, however, international trade protectionism is on the rise, trade frictions are increasing, and a few countries even frequently launch administrative investigations on China's aluminum products and file double counterclaims. The United States launched a double anti investigation on aluminum foil this year after conducting 32 competitive investigations on China's aluminum industry last year. On October 27, the US Department of Commerce announced the preliminary results of the double anti-dumping investigation on China's aluminum foil, and decided to impose an export tariff of 96.8% - 162.2% on the extruded and experimental aluminum foil imported from China. The final decision will be announced in February 2018

the development of the industry is characterized by industrial clustering, large-scale enterprises, specialized production and customized products. After years of development, private enterprises have become the main force in the industry, except for aluminum enterprises in China

mechanization of product development. Several aluminum processing industrial clusters have been gradually formed in various parts of China, such as the aluminum alloy building platforms in Nanhai, Guangdong and Linqu, Shandong, the aluminum strip in Gongyi, Henan, the industrial profiles in Liaoyang, Liaoning, Binzhou, Shandong, Hollinger, Inner Mongolia, Wucaiwan, Xinjiang, and other places are also forming a new mode of centralized layout around the electrolytic aluminum plant

aluminum processing enterprises develop into large-scale enterprises. Many enterprises have an annual production capacity of 500000 tons, and some even reach the scale of 1million tons, such as Chinalco, Zhongwang group, Nanshan aluminum, Fenglv aluminum, Xingfa aluminum, Huajian aluminum, etc

specialization of aluminum processing and production. Multiple development modes coexist in the industry, and more and more enterprises pay more attention to market segmentation. For example, Jianmei aluminum mainly produces high-end aluminum profiles; Liaocheng Wanhe produces multi air flat tubes for heat exchange system, with a high domestic market share; Shanghai Huafeng mainly produces brazing composites. The scale of these enterprises is moderate, but they all occupy a large share and have remarkable benefits

product production customization. Processing enterprises such as Liaoning Zhongwang and Shandong Conglin conditioning ruler have changed from supplying car body platforms to manufacturing rail vehicles. Hunan Shengtong cooperates with logistics companies to produce lightweight high-end trucks, and also cooperates with PetroChina and other companies to produce lightweight high-end tank cars. They have changed from a simple material producer to an overall solution supplier, just as aluminum profiles have become an overall supplier of aluminum doors and windows, Customization of product production is becoming popular

core problems in the current industry

basic research and innovation. At present, China's aluminum processing industry has developed from catching up with the advanced level of foreign countries to parallel development with foreign countries. However, there are still shortcomings in the industrial technology research and independent innovation ability, such as the development of aluminum alloy core brands. The American Aluminum Association has registered 512 aluminum alloy brands, while China has only registered 3

insufficient attention to downstream demand and serious product homogenization. The large-scale printed plate based aluminum can materials, which have been sought after by the market in the past few years, have excess capacity and vicious competition. According to statistics, up to now, China's annual production capacity of aluminum can materials has exceeded 1.5 million tons, the homogenization and actual output is only about 800000 tons, and the capacity utilization rate is only about 50%. Homogenization has led to intense market competition, and the product processing fee has fallen again and again. For example, the processing fee of can materials has dropped from 9000 yuan per ton in previous years to 4000 yuan per ton

entity enterprises are not closely integrated with the capital market. According to rough statistics, at present, only a dozen independent aluminum processing enterprises in China are listed at home and abroad. Compared with the small number of processing industries, aluminum processing enterprises have failed to make good use of the power of the capital market to achieve their own leapfrog development. At the same time, listed companies have failed to give full play to the market's role in promoting the development of enterprises, which will be the next step for China's aluminum processing industry

the development direction of China's aluminum processing industry in the future

first, increase R & D investment and improve independent innovation ability. China's aluminum processing industry has gone through the development stage of tracking and imitation, digestion and absorption, and re innovation. At present, the industry has entered a parallel development stage with foreign developed countries, and some enterprises have even become leaders. In the next step, the industry should further increase investment in scientific research, improve the ability of independent innovation, and strive to build 8-10 world-class enterprises with core competitiveness within 3-5 years

second, attach importance to environmental protection, health, safety and recycling. Aluminum is a green product. Aluminum should play a greater role in creating a better life. Aluminum processing enterprises should continuously improve and reduce the emission level of pollutants and wastes in aluminum surface treatment, minimize the harm to nature and human health, and make the green concept deeply rooted in the hearts of the people. At the same time, further improve the awareness of safe production and operation, increase safety production protection measures, pay attention to the research on the safe production cycle of products, and improve the recycling rate

third, we should achieve rapid development with the help of the capital market. Aluminum processing enterprises that have the conditions must actively plan for listing, make full use of the capital market, improve the visibility of the enterprise, increase financing channels, reduce financing costs, expand partners and development opportunities, strive to promote enterprise merger and reorganization, establish a professional and highly sensitive capital market talent team, scientifically and effectively use futures tools to resolve enterprise business risks and achieve leapfrog development

fourth, grasp the opportunities of the "the Belt and Road" and implement the "going global" strategy. The "the Belt and Road" initiative provides a good opportunity for Chinese aluminum processing enterprises to "go global". Going global can not only extend the industrial chain, but also open up new markets, so as to effectively deal with trade frictions in other countries. We must make good use of the "the Belt and Road" initiative

China's socialism has entered a new era, and the main contradiction has been transformed into the contradiction between the growing needs of the people for a better life and the unbalanced and inadequate development. Looking forward to the future, the aluminum processing industry should implement the development concept of "innovation, coordination, green, openness and sharing", adhere to the principle of quality first and efficiency first, and take the supply side structural reform as the main line. China has much to do in complying with and meeting the people's growing good life

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